High Shear Mixer

High Shear Mixer
High Shear Mixer

A high-shear mixer disperses, or transports, one phase or ingredient into a main continuous phase, with which it would normally be immiscible. A rotor or impellor, together with a stationary component known as a stator, or an array of rotors and stators, is used either in a tank containing the solution to be mixed, or in a pipe through which the solution passes, to create shear.

A high-shear mixer can be used to create emulsions, suspensions, lyosols, and granular products. It is used in the adhesives, chemical, cosmetic, food, pharmaceutical, and plastics industries for emulsification, homogenization, particle size reduction, and dispersion.




Principles of work

Fluid undergoes shear when one area of fluid travels with a different velocity relative to an adjacent area. A high-shear mixer uses a rotating impeller or high-speed rotor, or a series of such impellers or inline rotors, usually powered by an electric motor, to "work" the fluid, creating flow and shear. The tip velocity, or speed of the fluid at the outside diameter of the rotor, will be higher than the velocity at the centre of the rotor, and it is this velocity difference that creates shear.

A stationary component may be used in combination with the rotor, and is referred to as the stator. The stator creates a close-clearance gap between the rotor and itself and forms an extremely high-shear zone for the material as it exits the rotor. The rotor and stator combined together are often referred to as the mixing head, or generator. A large high-shear rotor–stator mixer may contain a number of generators.

Key design factors include the diameter of the rotor and its rotational speed, the distance between the rotor and the stator, the time in the mixer, and the number of generators in the series. Variables include the number of rows of teeth, their angle, and the width of the openings between teeth.

Uses of high-shear mixing technology

High-shear mixers are used throughout the chemical process industries, wherever it is necessary to produce standardized mixtures of ingredients that do not naturally mix. These include:
    Pharmaceuticals, preparations of suspensions and granular products
    Paper manufacture, bleaching and preparation of paper pulp
    Food preparation, emulsions for sauces and dressings
    Manufacture of cosmetics and toiletries





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